FAQs

1.  Is the SBS technology new?

a.  The CMD technology primarily utilizes off-the-shelf components with well understood levels of reliability and has been tested in conjunction with AECOM, a Fortune 500 engineering firm with significant experience in renewable energy technology.  SBS has been operating a demonstration facility since February 2012, utilizing a number of different feedstocks.  Component suppliers for SBS include some of the biggest names in industrial products. Industrial microwaves have been used successfully and safely for over 40 years in a number of industries such as food, textiles, pharmaceuticals, dairy and ceramics.

2.  Emissions, noise, light, or dust?

a.  At the core of the renewable fuels plant is the SBS CMD technology, a completely closed technology that creates no emissions in the process of generating oil. Various commercial handling systems are used in the facility depending on the plant’s designated feedstock as received, such as chopped energy grasses, wood chips, whole trees.  The whole plant will be designed to meet local emissions, noise, light and dust variances through the use of enclosures, sound abatement, sound attenuation, low light pollution designs, air handling and filtration systems, water filtration and clean-up systems and dust control systems.

b.  Another SBS technology, the Sublimax, converts biomass and other carbon based feedstocks into a clean high BTU value gas which can be used for power generation and incorporated into CHP or HRSG systems for greater overall efficiencies and available heat or cooling. Bag house filtration systems may be incorporated at the end of the emissions use train to meet State and Federal Air Emissions standards.  Various commercial handling systems are used in the facility depending on the plant’s designated feedstock as received, such as chopped energy grasses, wood chips and whole trees.  The whole plant will be designed to meet local emissions, noise, light and dust variances through the use of enclosures, sound abatement, sound attenuation, low light pollution designs, air handling and filtration systems, water filtration and clean-up systems and dust control systems.

3. Does SBS also have the manufacturing capability?

a.  SBS has manufactured both the existing CMD demonstration unit and commercial scale Sublimax Units.  It has the ability to expand its manufacturing capacity to meet project development deadlines.

4.  How does the technology work?

a.   The CMD technology combines established technologies and components in a novel way to improve upon the process of pyrolysis.  Feedstock is pelletized and fed into the CMD process train where it is heated with microwaves in a proprietary manner to produce oil vapor. The vapor is then collected, condensed and refined into finished fuel.

5.  Who is SBS?

a.  SBS is a corporation formed to provide engineering and project management expertise along with advanced renewable energy technologies.

6.  What feedstocks can the technology utilize?

a.  The CMD technology is capable of processing a wide variety of feedstocks ranging from plant material to sorted municipal solid waste and even tires.

7.  What does the technology produce?

a.  The CMD technology produces both oil and biological charcoal (biochar).  Biochar is mostly carbon and can be used as an amendment to improve soil quality and productivity.  Its use as a soil amendment actually fixes carbon in the soil, meaning that the fuel production process permanently removes carbon from the atmosphere. SBS’s fuel therefore has a negative carbon balance, reducing greenhouse gasses.

8.  Is the technology safe?

a.  An experienced Operations and Management firm with significant experience managing energy production facilities will operate the facility.  This firm will implement a comprehensive safety program to ensure the health and safety of the plant employees.  The CMD technology uses a catalyst that is a mineral and not hazardous.  The facility will be constructed in a way that complies with the local seismic zone, which includes plant designs to minimize the possibility of fuel leaks, and to contain any leaks should they occur, much like other fuel handling and storage facilities. 

SBS is absolutely committed to the health and safety of its employees, and to the communities in which our equipment is located. The CMD (whose name is dervied from the "microwave de-polymerization" process) is composed of commercial components which meet all federal and Underwriters Laboratories safety guidelines. The microwave units are the same that have been successfully, and safely, used in the food and pharmaceutical industries for many years. All microwave energy is contained in a shielded faraday cage, which is verified using standard microwave leak detection equipment. 

 

9.  Contaminated water?

a.  The CMD fuel production process vaporizes the depolymerized hydro-carbon oils and remaining moisture in the feedstock. After the water and oil separation process and fuel upgrading system, the extracted water will be processed through a commercial waste water clean-up system.  The clean water may be recycled where possible to meet industrial water needs or can be used for crop irrigation.

10.   How many people will a typical plant employ?

a.  A typical facility will require approximately 5- 20 employees, depending on the size and type of plant. 

11.  How large is a typical facility?

a.  A typical facility footprint is about 10 - 30 acres in size. 

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